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Population : 4,55 million.

Oman attracts many migrants because of its fast-growing economy and its relatively small Omani population. Indeed, 40% of the population are expatriates.

The population is 78% urban and the largest cities are Muscat, Seeb and Salalah. About 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of the capital.

Life expectancy at birth : 76 years.

Climate : hot and dry in the interior and humid along the coast. Like the rest of the Persian Gulf, Oman has one of the hottest climates in the world. Generally little rainfall, but a little bit more in the southern mountains and in Salalah.

Spoken languages : Arabic is the official language. English, Bluachi, Urdu and various Indian languages are the other main languages spoken in Oman.

Religion : Islam is the state religion (more than 85% of the population is Muslim) and Shari’a is the source of legislation. The law also provides freedom of religion. The government generally respects the freedom of religion, but the public practice of any form of religion other than Islam is very restricted in Oman. However, non-Muslims are free to worship privately in their own homes.

Non-working days : Friday is the rest day in Oman, so that Muslims can go to the mosque. The second rest day is usually Thursday or Saturday. Most public holidays are calculated on the Islamic calendar which is subject to changes every year based on the lunar calendar.

Generally, the maximum working time is 9 hours a day (with a 30 minutes lunch break) or 40 to 45 hours a week all year long, except during the month of Ramadan where it can be reduced.

Traditions: The male national dress is the dishdasha : a collarless gown with long sleeves, most frequently white. The national dress includes the khanjar (dagger) that men wear on all public occasion. Omani women wear eye-catching national costumes in bright colours, embroidery and decorations.

Homosexuality is illegal.

Economy : in 2010 the UNDP ranked Oman as the most improved nation in terms of development during the precedent 40 years. The economy is mainly based on oil but also on agricultural products.


Healthcare sector :

During the last 30 years, Oman has taken major steps to improve health care services and preventive and curative medicine. In 2001, Oman’s health care system was ranked number 8 by the World Health Organization. Today, there are 2 physicians and 2 hospital beds per 1000 people.


In Oman you either work under the government (Ministry of Health and or Ministry of Defense) or with a private hospital.

  • Public sector :

Oman’s Ministry of Health generally conducts exams (written and oral) in your home country once or twice a year (check your local agencies).

Your local agency will then facilitate your visa.

  • Private sector :
  1. Take Prometric exam
  2. Apply for visa, with a sort of oral interview.
  3. You need a job offer in order to work in Oman.

Some private hospitals assists foreign doctors to sit in the exam and eventually hire them.

Doctors who have worked under the government don’t need to take the Prometric exam and if they eventually worked under a private hospital, they will not be required to take the exam.

Decree issued by the Ministry of Health : general physicians and dentists who want to practice in Sultanate of Oman need at least three years of experience. Doctors passing out from Oman’s colleges are exempted from this rule.


More information :

  • Ministry of Health: