M E X I C O
Population: 124,6 million
Mexico is the most densely populated state of South America. Even if the growth rate is positive, it is less important than during the 20th century. It is a young country, in fact, 44,47% of the population is under 25 and the average age of the population is 28 years old. Contrary to Europe, the rate of senior citizens is low: 7,09% of the population is above 65, and life expectancy is 75,9.
The population is mostly located in the middle of the county and Mexico City gathers a quarter of the population. Urban areas concentrate the majority of the population (79,2% urbanization rate).
Climate: On account of the Tropic of Cancer, the territory is divided into temperate and tropical zones. If the north of the country receives less rainfalls than the south, this part, benefits from constant temperatures even in winter. Mexico City can face freezing temperatures in the winter due to its altitude.
Spoken languages and religion: Spanish is the language the most spoken in Mexico, but it does not have an official legislative status. At the beginning, Amerindian or Indigenous languages were the original languages. For this reason, some indigenous Mexicans speak only indigenous languages, even if it is the minority of the population. The Law of Linguistic Right establishes 68 distinct indigenous languages as country’s national languages (ex : Mayan, Nahuati), along with Spanish.
More than 82% of the population is Catholic, only 5% of the population is atheist or agnostic. The Constitution of 1991 guarantees the freedom of worship and equality between all religions in accordance with the law. Little communities of Evangelical Churches and Jehovah’s Witness exist, but they are a minority.
Non-working days and holidays: There are 10 public holidays, especially September 16th which is Independence Day. But, Mexico celebrates 4 official bank holidays and 1 traditional holiday.
The maximum weekly working hours is 48 with 6 days of paid leave per year minimum.
Health care sector: Mexico is part of the developing countries with the best healthcare development system over the past 10 years. Moreover, with 4 social security programs, an important part of the Mexican population is covered and each system has its own independent network of doctors, clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, treatment centers and unions. An important aspect is the private insurance sector: 7% of Mexicans.
Even if Mexico has 2,07 physicians for 1 000 inhabitants, the geographical distribution of healthcare establishments (mostly private for 67% of them) and the irregular repartition of doctors in Mexico, reduce equal access of the population.
Foreign doctors: If you want to practice medicine as a foreign doctor in Mexico, it is necessary to obtain a professional ID. For that, doctors have to revalidate and certify their medical diploma through a SEP procedure.
First, doctors need to be legally registered as Mexican residents. Two types of residency exist in Mexico: temporal or permanent residency. The temporal residency is easy to access for foreign doctors.
Once doctors obtain this permit, they have to contact one of the “Secretaría de Educación publica” in the city where they are going to live during the revalidation process.
If the doctor holds a degree, he/she has to present the previous academic degree (bachelor degree). However, if the doctor is specialized in a specific field of medicine, he/she has to present his/her specialty diploma.
The SEP procedure generally takes one month. Then, the administration will inform the doctor if either he/she has to revalidate credentials or not.
If everything is in order, doctors will have to go to Mexico DF to follow a 2-step procedure: namely, the «liberación del servicio social» and the delivering of the professional ID.
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More information :
- Ministry of Health: