C H I N A
Official name : People’s Republic of China
Population : 1, 380 billion, the biggest population in the world
The majority of the population lives in the eastern half of the country. The west, with its vast mountainous and desert areas, is sparsely populated. Though ranked first in the world in total population, overall density is less than that of many other countries in Asia and Europe.
The Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 different ethnic groups within the country, the most important being Han Chinese (more than 90% of the population).
Life expectancy is 76 years old and median age is 37,5 years old.
Since 2016, couples are no longer restricted to have only one child but can have 2.
Climate : China is a huge country, and has a great variety of climates. Summer is hot everywhere and is the rainiest season (except in the vast western desert areas). It rains more often in the south-east than in the north-west. Winter is freezing cold in the north, in the mountains and the plateaus, while it’s mild in the south.
Spoken languages : Mandarin Chinese is the country’s first language but China has 299 living languages.
Religion: the government officially recognises five religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Protestantism, and Catholicism (though the Chinese Catholic Church is independent of the Catholic Church in Rome). Chinese folk religion and Confucianism are officially recognised as part of China’s cultural inheritance. Chinese culture is marked by the belief in spirits and in an ancestral mythology.
Non-working days and holiday : The Chinese government stipulates a five-day workweek and generally, the maximum working time is 8 hours a day and 44 hours a week.
Healthcare sector : for the past few years, the government has taken major steps to improve the local healthcare infrastructures. The government implemented the “Healthy China 2030” reform and has made it possible for foreigners to study Chinese medicine. At present, the number of foreign physicians practicing in China keeps increasing.
All foreigners have to acquire a work visa issued by China Exit and Entry Administration Department. Foreigners can be invited and employed by China’s medical institutions qualified with independent legal person. It is forbidden for foreigners to practice medicine individually in China. It is generally easier for foreigners to practice medicine in private structure than in public structures since they do not necessarily need to speak Chinese.
- Qualification Requirements of Employment :
- For foreigners who have acquired medical degrees in China : they have to acquire at least Chinese full-time medical bachelor degree and completed one-year uninterrupted internship in a Chinese medical institution.
- Foreign doctors who have obtained the legal right to practice medicine in other countries have to go through 3 steps :
- Obtain the « Foreign physicians practicing certificate », which is printed exclusively by the Ministry of Health.
- Qualified foreign physicians will be awarded « Foreign Doctor’s Qualification Certificate ». Comprehensive medical examination and practical skills examination are covered in the examination for foreign doctor practicing medicine in China. The test language is Chinese. Registration time and process of Medical Licensing Examination : February to March every year if online, March to April if on-site.
- During the next 2 years, they have to practice medicine, otherwise they will have to get back into the examination.
- Employment Procedure :
After obtaining “Foreign Doctor’s Qualification Certificate”, if foreign doctors plan to practice medicine in a medical institution, they should apply for registration in the Health Administrative Department which is in charge of practice registration of this medical institution.
More information :
- Chinese Medical Doctor Association:
- National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China: