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Population: 35,6 million

Canada is a multicultural country, where a significant part of European ethnic groups is represented (French, Scottish, Irish). It is the same case for Chinese and Indian. Canada is a land of immigration, and two-third of its growth is linked to the immigration rate.

If the most important part of the Canadian population is located in Ontario, Quebec or British Columbia, more generally, it is possible to say that the 8.891km southern band bordering the United States has an important density. The urbanization rate is 81,8%.

Life expectancy is 81,9 and the average age of the population is 42.

27,29% of the population is under 25 and 18,63% above 65.

Climate: Owing to territory dimensions, it is possible to observe different climates on both sides of the country. However, temperatures in the north of the country are harsh, that is why, there is only 3 habitants per square meter. Moreover, average temperatures in winter can drop at -15°C (59 °F) and snowfalls can be really important. Summers can be hot, it is not impossible to face 35°C (95°F), even 45°C (113°F) in the middle of the country

Spoken languages and religion:  Two languages are officials in Canada, English (58,7%) and French (22%). However, other minority languages can be identified as Punjabi, European languages, Chinese or Arabic, which is a fine example of the cultural diversity in Canada.

Around 67% of the population is Christian and the Catholic Church represents the most important confession among Christians in Canada. Even if the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms makes a reference to God, there is no state religion. Religious pluralism and freedom are two important elements in Canada. Few communities of Muslim, Jewish, Hindu, Sikh or Buddhist exist, but only in minority and they represent approximately 8% of the population.

Non-working days and holidays: There are 4 national public holidays, especially July 1st, which is Independence Day. But a multitude of public holidays are specific for each province, for example the National Patriots’ Day only in Quebec or the Boxing Day in Ontario and federal jurisdictions.

Generally, the maximum of weekly working hours is 48 with 2 weeks of paid leave per year (holiday may vary from a province to another) however this is discretionary and most companies will grant 3 or 4 weeks per year.


Health care sector: Every province and territory has its own health care insurance plan and every system procures free access to care which are considered vital for every Canadian resident. However Canadian Law does not give a general definition for these necessary medical cares, so the definition is different in each province. One of the particularity in Canada is the minor role of private insurance in the healthcare system which is limited to services not covered or partially covered by Medicare (the publicly funded health care system).

The main issues are the waiting time in public hospitals and the delay to have an appointment with a generalist or specialist.



  • National Doctors:

After completing a medical program, it is necessary to obtain a permit to practice. According to Section 33 of the Medical Act, without a permit to practice, a doctor does not have the right to practice medicine in his discipline. Firstly, a doctor must obtain the Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada, and pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination part I and II. Besides, he/she must complete at least 12 months of postgraduate training.

Then, the doctor can request the license to practice at the regional Council. Moreover, every doctor has to enroll in the Canadian Medical Register.


  • Foreign Doctors:

There are different types of procedures for a foreign doctor to obtain a permit to practice. It is preferable to contact the medical regulatory authority in the province or territory in which he/she would like to practice.

However, in all cases, a foreign doctor must :

  • Confirm that his medical degree is from a recognized medical school
  • Take an online self-assessment exam
  • Submit his credentials with the MCC Physician Credentials Repository
  • Take the Medical Council of Canada Evaluating Examination

Other conditions can be asked according to the province of establishment.


More information:

  • Federation of medical Regulatory Authorities of Canada: