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Population: 1,4 million

It’s the smallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manamah and Al Muharraq.

Life expectancy is 78,9 and the median age is 32,35% of the population is under 25 and 2,85% of the population is above 65. There are 0,94 physicians per 1000 habitants.

Climate : The climate is arid. Winters (December to March) are mild and pleasant while summers (June to September) are hot and humid.

Spoken languages and religion: Arabic is the official language but English is widely spoken.

Bahrain’s Constitution recognizes Islam as a state religion even if freedom to worship is guaranteed.  As a consequence, 70,3% of the population is Muslim, 14,5% is Christian, 9,8% is Hindu, 2,5% is Buddhist and 0,6% is Jewish

Non-working days and holidays: Friday is the rest day in Bahrain. Most public holidays are calculated on the Islamic calendar which is subject to changes every year based on the lunar calendar (15 public days on average).

There are 30 days of paid leave a year.

Generally, the working hours vary between 40 to 48 a week all year long, except during the month of Ramadan where days can be reduced to 6 working hours, at the employer’s discretion.

Traditions: As with every country in the region, homosexuality is illegal and any activity that represents homosexuality in public places should strictly be avoided. Unrelated person of the opposite sex cannot live together and out of marriage consensual sex is prohibited. Holding hands for married couples is tolerated but kissing and hugging are considered offences against public decency.

Alcohol is available in licensed venues in Bahrain and is only allowed to be served in 4 and 5 star hotels and standalone licensed venues. It is also possible to buy alcohol for private consumption at select stores.


Health care sector: Primary health care is the cornerstone of health care available in the Kingdom of Bahrain. There are 23 health centers in Bahrain distributed all over the country. Secondary and tertiary care is provided solely by Salmaniya Medical Complex (SMC), the main governmental and biggest hospital in Bahrain.

Bahrain’s public health service is based around a network of health centers, hospitals and specialized tertiary care centers. As of 2013, Bahrain counted 5 government hospitals, 1 maternity hospital, 27 health centers, and 16 private hospitals and health units. In the same year, the country had 2704 physicians employed in the government sector and 1385 employed in the private sector. Some 62% of outpatient visits to public facilities were made to health centers, and a further 18% to dedicated outpatient clinics, while outpatient services accounted for 80% of all visits to private hospitals in the country.

Although the kingdom enjoys a high standard of public health care and well-resourced facilities, waiting times can be long. As a result, many people choose to avail themselves of the private health care services. Bahrain had 16 private hospitals in 2013, which admitted 36,000 patients in the same year.


Foreign doctors:     

The National Health Regulatory Authority is the organization responsible for licensing all health professionals practicing in Bahrain.

Before applying for the license, the applicant must hold an offer letter for a job in Bahrain.

Please click here.

Locums : Health care facilities may apply for physicians to visit their institution and provide health care services to patients within a specified period of time provided that:

1/ full application form and required documents are submitted to NHRA at least 2 weeks prior to the scheduled visit and

2/ physicians must hold one of the recognized qualifications mentions and be classified as a consultant by the NHRA.

More information :