A U S T R A L I A
Population: 23,2 million
An important part of this population is descending from immigrants of the 19th and 20th centuries from the British Isles.
Life expectancy is 82,2 and the median age is 38,6.
30,6% of the population is under 25 and 16,14% of the population is above 65. There are 3,37 physicians per 1000 habitants.
Climate: It is generally arid to semiarid, temperate in the south and the east while tropical in the north.
Spoken languages and religion: There is no official language, nonetheless, English has always been considered as the national language. But, other languages are used in Australia as Mandarin, Italian or Arabic.
Australia’s Constitution guarantees the separation between Church and State. As a consequence, it does not have a state religion, however according to censuses 30,1% of the population is Protestant whose 17,1% of Anglican. Besides Catholics represent 25,3% of the population.
Non-working days and holidays: Australia being a federal state, public holidays vary from state to state but on average there are between 11 to 14 public days. Every employee is entitled to a 4-week paid leave per year.
An employee can work a maximum of 38 ordinary hours in a week. The time of the day ordinary hours are worked is called the spread of hours (between 7am – 7pm). Time worked outside the spread of ordinary hours can attract overtime rates.
Government: The capital of Australia is Canberra. Australia is a federal state and a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy. It is part of the Commonwealth. Since its independence, the political system of Australia is stable.
Health care sector: Primary health care is the first point of call for most people for most illnesses. It’s delivered in a variety of settings, including at general practices, community health centers and at home.
Primary care is provided by doctors, along with community nurses, dentists, pharmacists and other allied health professionals.
Hospital services in Australia are provided by both the public and private sectors. Public hospitals are owned and managed by state and territory governments. In 2014–15, there were 698 public hospitals and 624 private hospitals.
Medicare provides access to free treatment and accommodation in public hospital for Australian residents and overseas visitors from countries with a reciprocal arrangement. While Medicare is provided nationwide, there can be some health care differences from one state to another.
Foreign doctors are allowed to work in Australia provided that they have complied with the legal requirements. New Zealanders are not considered as foreign doctors.
For General practitioners and Specialists:
The process is different according to the doctor’s situation, before starting a registration procedure every doctor must determine the appropriate registration pathway:
- The competent authority pathway
- The standard pathway
- The specialist pathway (specialist recognition or specialist recognition and area of need)
- Short term training in a medical specialty pathway
The process of registration is different according to the chosen pathway.
For more information please click here.
The Medical Board of Australia is responsible for regulating medical practitioners practicing in Australia. Australian medical students and foreign doctors seeking to practice medicine in Australia must be registered with the Medical Board.
More information :
- Medical Board of Australia:
- Department of Health: