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A R G E N T I N A

ARGENTINA

Population: 44,3 million

Life expectancy in Argentina is 77,1 and the median age is 31,5.

40% of the population is under 25 and 11,62% of the population is above 65. There are 3,76 physicians per 1000 habitants (2013).

One-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires, pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country, Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated. The urbanization rate is 91,8%.

Climate: Even if the climate varies depending on the region, Argentina is mostly temperate, arid in the southeast and sub-antarctic in the southwest.

Spoken languages and religion: Spanish is the official language and is spoken by 97% of the population.  Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua) are also spoken.

Argentina’s Constitution recognizes Catholicism as a state religion, even if, freedom to worship is guaranteed. As a consequence, 92% of the population is Roman Catholic and only 2% of the population is Protestant or Jewish.

Non-working days and holidays: There are nearly 16 public holidays per year in Argentina.

Employees who have worked for an employer for more than 6 months are entitled to 2 weeks of paid leave. The amount of holiday entitlement increases with the length of continuous employment, up to a maximum of five weeks (25 days).

The legal maximum working time in Argentina is 8 hours/day and 48 hours/week. However, the regular working week does not exceed 44 hours/week for daily work, 42 hours/week for night work or 36 hours/week where work is performed in hazardous or unhealthy environments.

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Health care sector: The healthcare system in Argentina is generally characterized by its extreme decentralization, some people speak about a coexistence of 24 different healthcare systems.

The public sector supplies free clinical care for authorized hospital inpatients and outpatients, however, charges for medication are at the costs of outpatients. It covers around 40% of the population.

The Social Security Sector for which employers and employees pay a fixed fee (approximately 10% of the income) covers 50% of the population (only applicable to Argentines and permanent residents who are legally employed).

Finally, the last provider is the private sector, where patients meet the total cost of their medical care. Most of the time, this type of provider has its own infrastructure. This sector covers around 10% of the population, namely 2 million Argentines.

Doctors

 

Foreign doctors:

The control of the professional practice of doctors is managed by each province, in other words, each province delivers habilitation to doctors. There can be different organs entitled to deliver “matriculas” according to the province.

To practice in Argentina, foreign doctors must obtain an approval of their diploma, there are two different procedures[1] to have an approval of a foreign diploma:

  • The “Convalida” (ratify): The Education Ministry ratifies diplomas obtained in a foreign university when there is a specific convention between Argentina and the foreign country (United States, Italy, Ukraine, Cuba, Spain, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico).

The process is different according to the country of the requerant, and the diploma. All conditions (country by country and diploma by diploma) can be found by clicking here.

  • The “Revalida” (revalidation): Thanks to national universities, it is possible for foreign doctors to obtain a revalidation of their diplomas if no specific convention has been signed. But not all Argentinean universities can revalidate a diploma and the revalidation exam is different from one university to another (terms and conditions vary).

In any case, a foreign doctor must have a legal migratory situation to obtain the revalidation.

All conditions can be found by clicking here.

 

More information:

[1] http://revalidamedicosarg.blogspot.com.es/